A member of Arturo González’s underwater archaeological team studies a skull in an underwater cave on the coast of the Yucatán Peninsula near Tulum, Mexico. Skeletons found in similar caves may be among the oldest human remains ever found in North or South America.
Photograph courtesy Arturo Gonzáles
Clues from the skeletons’ skulls hint that the people may not be of northern Asian descent, which would contradict the dominant theory of New World settlement. That theory holds that ancient humans first came to North America from northern Asia via a now submerged land bridge across the Bering Sea.
“The shape of the skulls has led us to believe that Eva and the others have more of an affinity with people from South Asia than North Asia,” González explained.